The Artist triumphs at the Oscars
It wasn't a draw, though, as The Artist's wins included three major categories – Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor – while Hugo's wins were mainly for technical achievements.
Despite the lack of obvious surprises – The Artist has been on a winning streak since Cannes last year - it's quite something for a silent, black and white film from France to be crowned Hollywood's favourite.
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The foreign language prize went to A Separation, a suspenseful and brilliantly acted family drama from Iran.
Screenplay prizes went to Woody Allen's Midnight in Paris, his most successful film to date, and Alexander Payne's The Descendants.
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The full list of winners:
Best Picture: The Artist
Best Actor: Jean Dujardin - The Artist
Best Actress: Meryl Streep - The Iron Lady
Supporting Actress: Octavia Spencer - The Help
Adapted Screenplay: The Descendants
Original Screenplay: Midnight in Paris
Directing: Michel Hazanavicius - The Artist
Animated Feature Film: Rango
Art Direction: Hugo
Costume Design: The Artist
Documentary (feature): Undefeated
Documentary (short subject): Saving Face
Film Editing: The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo
Foreign Language Film: A Separation (Iran)
Make-up: The Iron Lady
Music (original score): The Artist - Ludovic Bource
Music (Original Song): Man Or Muppet - The Muppets
Short Film (animated): The Fantastic Flying Books Of Mr Morris Lessmore
Short Film (live action): The Shore
Sound Editing: Hugo
Sound Mixing: Hugo
Visual Effects: Hugo