Free Cinema DVD
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Produced in 1950s
Main Language - ENGLISH
Countries & Regions - British Film
"With a 16mm camera, and minimal resources, and no payment for your technicians, you cannot achieve very much in commercial terms. You cannot make a feature film and your possibilities of experiment are severely limited. But you can use your eyes and your ears. You can give indications. You can make poetry."
So said Lindsay Anderson, one of the founders of the Free Cinema movement, which existed to give a platform to young filmmakers who wanted to work outside the industrialised mainstream. Although the six Free Cinema programmes shown at London's National Film Theatre from 1956-9 made a big critical splash, and many of their creators went on to high-profile careers in either fiction (Anderson, Karel Reisz, Tony Richardson, Claude Goretta, Alain Tanner, cameraman Walter Lassally) or documentary (Mike Grigsby, Robert Vas), the original films have been far more discussed than actually watched.
This is for the same reason that they had difficulty getting shown in the first place: they were almost entirely short documentaries, typically 20-50 minutes long. Britain already had a venerable documentary tradition, but the Free Cinema films stood apart from this, not least because they were unashamedly auteurist - to cite a phrase that had only just joined the critical lexicon.
They span 1952 to 1963, postwar austerity to the eve of the Beatles. Although many fitted standard documentary criteria – Every Day Except Christmas (Anderson, 1957) and We Are The Lambeth Boys (Reisz, 1959) were even sponsored by the Ford Motor Company for a series called 'Look at Britain' – they were also heartfelt, consciously poetic personal statements. O Dreamland (Anderson, 1953) and Nice Time (Goretta/Tanner, 1957) were impressionistic portraits of Margate and Piccadilly Circus, while Momma Don't Allow (Reisz, 1956) was a similarly free-form study of a jazz club in London's Wood Green.
Britain is often seen through foreign eyes: Reisz, Vas, Goretta, Tanner and Lorenza Mazzetti were all born elsewhere and most were relative newcomers. Refuge England (Vas, 1956) shows a monoglot Hungarian refugee's bewildering first day in London. Together (Mazzetti, 1956) examines other outsiders: two deaf mutes coping with work, leisure and unwanted attention in London's East End.
The films unselfconsciously examined ordinary working life, often at the end of an era: Wakefield Express (Anderson, 1952) was about a provincial newspaper's portrayal of an industrial community; Enginemen (Grigsby, 1959) depicted railway workers facing the decline of steam; Tomorrow’s Saturday (Grigsby, 1962) showed a typical weekend in Blackburn, while The Vanishing Street (Vas, 1962) captured an East End Jewish community threatened by redevelopment. Invariably shot on black-and-white 16mm, any lack of technical finesse is outweighed by immediacy: there are no more vivid street-level portraits of Fifties Britain.
Most were made with financial support from the British Film Institute, which has renewed this commitment half a century on with this comprehensive DVD package, containing all eleven British films from the original NFT programmes. Impressive context-setting extras include a brand new documentary about the movement's history, as well as five more films made according to the same principles.
Michael Brooke on 13th March 2006
Author of 154 reviews
A collection of films from the groundbreaking 'free cinema' movement, the term coined by Lindsay Anderson in 1956. The films were 'free' in the sense that they were made outside the framework of the film industry, and that their statements were personal. These films had in common the conditions of their production (very low budget, unpaid crew) and the equipment they employed (hand-held 16mm cameras) but also a style and attitude. Mostly funded by the British Film Institute's Experimental Film Fund, they featured ordinary, mostly working-class people at work and play, displaying a rare sympathy and respect, and a self-consciously poetic style. They also shared an experimental approach to sound, avoiding narration and imaginatively counterpointing sound and image. The collection contains the films O Dreamland (Anderson, 1953), Momma Don't Allow (Reisz & Richardson, 1955), Together (Mazzetti, 1956), Wakefield Express (Anderson, 1952), Nice Time (Tanner & Goretta, 1957), The Singing Street (McIsaac, 1952), Everyday Except Christmas (Anderson, 1957), Refuge England (Vas,1959), Enginemen (Grigsby, 1959), We Are The Lambeth Boys (Reisz, 1959), Food For A Blush (Russell, 1955), One Potato, Two Potato, The Vanishing Street, Tomorrow's Saturday, Gala Day and March To Aldermaston. The Gala Day Notes from the original 1956 free cinema programme state the following: No film can be too personal. The image speaks. Sounds amplifies and comments. Size is irrelevant. Perfection is not an aim. An attitude means a style. A style means an attitude.
Length: 314 mins
Aspect ratio: 4:3
Format: DVD B&W
Released: 13th March 2006
Cat No: BFIVD717
- 3 discs
- Small Is Beautiful: The Story of the Free Cinema Films Told by Their Makers, a 43-minute film consisting of specially commissioned interviews with Free Cinema filmmakers Lorenza Mazzetti, Walter Lassally, Alain Tanner and Michael Grigsby
- film extracts and previously unseen photographs
- 5 short documentaries from the late 1950s/early 1960s, made in the spirit of the Free Cinema movement
- Fully illustrated 40-page booklet.